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Haiti Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index

37.14

General Information

Population

9,864,241 (80th most populous country in the world)

Religions

Languages

Roman Catholic        80% French
Protestant 16% Creole
None   1%
Other   3%

Industries

Sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly based on imported parts

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Haiti, visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ht.html.

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Haiti as 0 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 0 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Haiti.

The World Bank ranks Haiti as 151st out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business.  The country ranks as 180th (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 13 procedures, takes 195 days, and costs 227.9% of income per capita to start a business in Haiti.

In order to start a business in Haiti, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Deposit the legally required initial capital in the National Bank and obtain deposit evidence
  2. Prepare company statutes (Articles and Memorandum of Association)
  3. Notarize the company deeds and articles of association
  4. Pay the registration fee at the Direction Generale des Impots (DGI)
  5. Registration with the Commercial Registry at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and obtain the authorization of operations (Dropt de fonctionnement)
  6. Publish act of constitution in official legal journal (Le Moniteur)
  7. Obtain the Tax ID number (number d’identification fiscale – NIF) from the tax authorities (DGI), pay fees, obtain certificate of patente
  8. Obtain the “Carte d’Identite Professionelle” from the Ministry of Commerce
  9. Obtain special commercial books
  10.  Legalize the commercial books
  11. Notification to the Labor Ministry about hiring
  12. Register for social security (OFATMA)
  13. Register for Retirement Insurance Office (ONA)

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the Doing Business project 3, conducted by the World Bank. For more detailed information about starting a business in Haiti, visit http://www.doingbusiness.org/.

 

The World Economic Forum (WEF) was founded in 1971 by Klaus Martin Schwab at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.  It is a non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, which brings together top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss both economic and social issues facing the world.  The WEF also serves as a think tank, and publishes a wide range of reports focusing on issues of concern and importance to Forum communities. In particular, Strategic Insight Teams focus on producing reports of relevance in the fields of competitiveness, global risks and scenario thinking.  The Global Competitiveness Report measures competitiveness of countries and economic competitiveness among a wide range of factors such as corruption, tax rates, work ethic, and many others.

 

Haiti Economic Freedom

The annual survey Economic Freedom of the World is an indicator produced by the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think tank which attempts to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations. Economic Freedom of the World index has been more widely used than any other measure of economic freedom, because of its coverage of a longer time period

Their measure of economic freedom is based on that the following standards:

  • Personal choice rather than collective choice,
  • Voluntary exchange coordinated by markets rather than allocation via the political process,
  • Freedom to enter and compete in markets, and
  • Protection of persons and their property from aggression by others.

A state will rate high when it focuses on protection of people and their property from the actions of aggressors, enforcement of contracts, and provision of the limited set of public goods like roads, flood control projects, and money of stable value and little else, but a country’s rating on the EFW summary index will fall as government expenditures increase and regulations expand.   

1A General government consumption spending as a percentage of total consumption 8.9
Area 1-A Data 9.6
1B Transfers and subsidies as a percentage of GDP 9.9
Area 1-B Data 0.8
1C Government enterprises and investment 7
Area 1-C Data 24.9
1Di Top marginal income tax rate 8
Area 1-Di Data 30
1Dii Top marginal income and payroll tax rates 0
Area 1-Dii Data 0
1D Top marginal tax rate 8
1 Size of Government: Expenditures, Taxes, and Enterprises 8.5
2A Judicial independence (GCR) 0
2B Impartial courts (GCR) 3
2C Protection of property rights (GCR) 0
2D Military interference in rule of law and the political process (CRG) 0
2E Integrity of the legal system (CRG) 2.5
2F Legal enforcement of contracts (DB) 4
2G Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property (DB) 2.9
2 Legal Structure and Security of Property Rights 2.5
3A Money growth 7.6
Area 3-A Data 12.2
3B Standard deviation of inflation 8.4
Area 3-B Data 4.05
3C Inflation: Most recent year 8.3
Area 3-C Data 8.53
3D Freedom to own foreign currency bank accounts 10
3 Access to Sound Money 8.6
4Ai Revenues from trade taxes (% of trade sector) 0
Area 4-A(i) Data 0
4Aii Mean tariff rate 9.4
Area 4-A(ii) Data 2.8
4Aiii Standard deviation of tariff rates 8.2
Area 4-A(iii) Data 4.6
4A Taxes on international trade 8.8
4Bi Non-tariff trade barriers (GCR) 0
4Bii Compliance cost of importing and exporting (DB) 4.2
4B Regulatory Trade Barriers 4.2
4C Size of the trade sector relative to expected 0
4D Black-market exchange rates 10
4Ei Foreign ownership/investment restrictions (GCR) 0
4Eii Capital Controls 9.1
4E International Capital Market Controls 9.1
4 Freedom to Trade Internationally 6.4
5Ai Ownership of banks 0
5Aii Foreign bank competition 0
5Aiii Private sector credit 8.9
5Aiv Interest rate controls/negative real interest rates 5
5A Credit Market Regulations 7
5Bi Minimum wage (DB) 3.1
5Bii Hiring and firing regulations (GCR) 0
5Biii Centralized collective bargaining (GCR) 0
5Biv Mandated cost of hiring (DB) 6.7
5Bv Mandated cost of worker dismissal (DB) 8.4
5Bvi Conscription 10
5B Labor Market Regulations 7.1
5Ci Price controls 2
5Cii Administrative requirements (GCR) 0
5Ciii Bureaucracy costs (GCR) 0
5Civ Starting a business (DB) 4.9
5Cv Extra payments/bribes (GCR) 0
5Cvi Licensing restrictions (DB) 3.8
5Cvii Cost of tax compliance (DB) 8.2
5C Business Regulations 4.7
5 Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business 6.2
SUMMARY INDEX 6.44
Rank c 87
 

Haiti Summary

 

1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from www.freetheworld.com.

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project