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Peru Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index


General Information


29,076,512 (41st most populous country in the world)



Roman Catholic   81.3% Spanish  
Evangelical 12.5% Quechua
Other   3.3% Aymara
Unspecified or None     2.9% Amazonian Languages 


Mining and refining of minerals, steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Peru, visit

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Peru as 0 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 0 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Peru.

The World Bank ranks Peru as 56th out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business.  The country ranks as 112th (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 9 procedures, takes 41 days, and costs 24.5% of income per capita to start a business in Peru.

In order to start a business in Peru, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Check the uniqueness of the proposed company name
  2. Notarize the company documents by a notary
  3. Deposit at least 25% of capital in a bank and obtain proof thereof
  4. Register the incorporation documents with the local legal entities public registry
  5. The notary stamps the accounting book and the minute book
  6. Obtain taxpayer identification number (Registro Unico del Contribuyente, RUC) at the National Superintendency of Tax Administration (Superintendencia Nacional de Administracion Tributaria, SUNAT)
  7. Obtain a Certificate of Compatibility from the District Council
  8. Obtain technical report of approval from the National Institute of Civil Defense (Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil, INDECI)
  9. Obtain municipal license from the City Council



The World Economic Forum (WEF) was founded in 1971 by Klaus Martin Schwab at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.  It is a non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, which brings together top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss both economic and social issues facing the world.  The WEF also serves as a think tank, and publishes a wide range of reports focusing on issues of concern and importance to Forum communities. In particular, Strategic Insight Teams focus on producing reports of relevance in the fields of competitiveness, global risks and scenario thinking.  The Global Competitiveness Report measures competitiveness of countries and economic competitiveness among a wide range of factors such as corruption, tax rates, work ethic, and many others.


Peru Economic Freedom

The annual survey Economic Freedom of the World is an indicator produced by the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think tank which attempts to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations. Economic Freedom of the World index has been more widely used than any other measure of economic freedom, because of its coverage of a longer time period

Their measure of economic freedom is based on that the following standards:

  • Personal choice rather than collective choice,
  • Voluntary exchange coordinated by markets rather than allocation via the political process,
  • Freedom to enter and compete in markets, and
  • Protection of persons and their property from aggression by others.

A state will rate high when it focuses on protection of people and their property from the actions of aggressors, enforcement of contracts, and provision of the limited set of public goods like roads, flood control projects, and money of stable value and little else, but a country’s rating on the EFW summary index will fall as government expenditures increase and regulations expand.   

1A General government consumption spending as a percentage of total consumption 8
Area 1-A Data 13
1B Transfers and subsidies as a percentage of GDP 9.4
Area 1-B Data 2.6
1C Government enterprises and investment 8
Area 1-C Data 15.6
1Di Top marginal income tax rate 8
Area 1-Di Data 30
1Dii Top marginal income and payroll tax rates 4
Area 1-Dii Data 48
1D Top marginal tax rate 6
1 Size of Government: Expenditures, Taxes, and Enterprises 7.8
2A Judicial independence (GCR) 2.9
2B Impartial courts (GCR) 3
2C Protection of property rights (GCR) 4.7
2D Military interference in rule of law and the political process (CRG) 8.3
2E Integrity of the legal system (CRG) 5
2F Legal enforcement of contracts (DB) 4.8
2G Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property (DB) 8.3
2 Legal Structure and Security of Property Rights 5.3
3A Money growth 7.9
Area 3-A Data 10.4
3B Standard deviation of inflation 9.1
Area 3-B Data 2.22
3C Inflation: Most recent year 9.6
Area 3-C Data 1.78
3D Freedom to own foreign currency bank accounts 10
3 Access to Sound Money 9.2
4Ai Revenues from trade taxes (% of trade sector) 9.4
Area 4-A(i) Data 0.9
4Aii Mean tariff rate 8
Area 4-A(ii) Data 10.2
4Aiii Standard deviation of tariff rates 7.6
Area 4-A(iii) Data 6
4A Taxes on international trade 8.3
4Bi Non-tariff trade barriers (GCR) 6.2
4Bii Compliance cost of importing and exporting (DB) 6.6
4B Regulatory Trade Barriers 6.4
4C Size of the trade sector relative to expected 4.9
4D Black-market exchange rates 10
4Ei Foreign ownership/investment restrictions (GCR) 7.9
4Eii Capital Controls 8.5
4E International Capital Market Controls 8.2
4 Freedom to Trade Internationally 7.6
5Ai Ownership of banks 8
5Aii Foreign bank competition 4
5Aiii Private sector credit 9.3
5Aiv Interest rate controls/negative real interest rates 8
5A Credit Market Regulations 7.3
5Bi Minimum wage (DB) 5.3
5Bii Hiring and firing regulations (GCR) 4.1
5Biii Centralized collective bargaining (GCR) 7.6
5Biv Mandated cost of hiring (DB) 7
5Bv Mandated cost of worker dismissal (DB) 5.2
5Bvi Conscription 10
5B Labor Market Regulations 6.5
5Ci Price controls 6
5Cii Administrative requirements (GCR) 2.3
5Ciii Bureaucracy costs (GCR) 4.9
5Civ Starting a business (DB) 7.6
5Cv Extra payments/bribes (GCR) 5.3
5Cvi Licensing restrictions (DB) 7.2
5Cvii Cost of tax compliance (DB) 5.2
5C Business Regulations 5.5
5 Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business 6.5
Rank c 41

Peru Summary


1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project