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Sao Tome and Principe Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index


General Information


165,397 (168th most populous country in the world)



Catholic 70.3% Portuguese  
Evangelical   3.4%
New Apostolic     2.0%
Adventist   1.8%
Other   3.1%
None 19.4%


Light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Sao Tome and Principe, visit

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Sao Tome and Principe as 0 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 0 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Sao Tome and Principe.

The World Bank ranks Sao Tome & Principe as 180th out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business.  The country ranks as 140th (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 10 procedures, takes 144 days, and costs 81.7% of income per capita to start a business in Sao Tome & Principe.

In order to start a business in Sao Tome & Principe, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Check the uniqueness of the proposed company name and reserve a name
  2. Notarize the company statutes
  3. Deposit the legally required initial capital in a bank and obtain deposit evidence
  4. Apply for advertising of the incorporation notice in the official gazette (Diadio de Republica)
  5. Advertising of the incorporation notice in a national newspaper
  6. Register the company with the Commercial Registry
  7. Apply for commercial operations permit (alvara)
  8. Apply for taxpayer identification number
  9. Register employees with the social security
  10. Obtain and legalize the special company books



The World Economic Forum (WEF) was founded in 1971 by Klaus Martin Schwab at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.  It is a non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, which brings together top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss both economic and social issues facing the world.  The WEF also serves as a think tank, and publishes a wide range of reports focusing on issues of concern and importance to Forum communities. In particular, Strategic Insight Teams focus on producing reports of relevance in the fields of competitiveness, global risks and scenario thinking.  The Global Competitiveness Report measures competitiveness of countries and economic competitiveness among a wide range of factors such as corruption, tax rates, work ethic, and many others.


Sao Tome and Principe Economic Freedom

The annual survey Economic Freedom of the World is an indicator produced by the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think tank which attempts to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations. Economic Freedom of the World index has been more widely used than any other measure of economic freedom, because of its coverage of a longer time period

Their measure of economic freedom is based on that the following standards:

  • Personal choice rather than collective choice,
  • Voluntary exchange coordinated by markets rather than allocation via the political process,
  • Freedom to enter and compete in markets, and
  • Protection of persons and their property from aggression by others.

A state will rate high when it focuses on protection of people and their property from the actions of aggressors, enforcement of contracts, and provision of the limited set of public goods like roads, flood control projects, and money of stable value and little else, but a country’s rating on the EFW summary index will fall as government expenditures increase and regulations expand.   


Sao Tome and Principe Summary


1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project