Tentmaker Reports

Cameroon Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index


General Information


22,211,166 (51st most populous country in the world)

Indigenous Beliefs40%
24 Major African Groups


Petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Cameroon, visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html.

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Cameroon as 148 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 123 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Cameroon.

In order to start a business in Cameroon, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Have a notary public verify and reserve the proposed company name by filing a motion with the African Intellectual Property Organization’s office in Yaounde
  2. Deposit the initial capital in a bank and obtain a receipt
  3. Present the physical location plan to the tax department and obtain an attestation of business premises
  4. Have an attorney / notary draft the memorandum and article of association; sign company bylaws before the notary
  5. Have the signed bylaws duly registered with the Registration and Stamp Duty Office of the Department of Taxation
  6. File an application to the Registrar of Companies in the court of first instance
  7. Publish the incorporation of the company in the legal journal (Cameroun Tribune)
  8. Obtain a taxpayer card with the Inspectorate of Taxes in the area where the enterprise is located
  9. Declare the existence of the company before the authorities in charge of the industry
  10. Declare the existence of the company to the local office of Department of Labor
  11. Register workers with health administration
  12. Delcare the existnce of the company and the personnel employed before the National Social Insurance Fund (Caisse Nationale de Preboyance Social NSIF / CNPS)

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the Doing Business project 3, conducted by the World Bank. For more detailed information about starting a business in Cameroon, visit http://www.doingbusiness.org/.



Cameroon Economic Freedom

The annual survey Economic Freedom of the World is an indicator produced by the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think tank which attempts to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations. Economic Freedom of the World index has been more widely used than any other measure of economic freedom, because of its coverage of a longer time period

Their measure of economic freedom is based on that the following standards:

  • Personal choice rather than collective choice,
  • Voluntary exchange coordinated by markets rather than allocation via the political process,
  • Freedom to enter and compete in markets, and
  • Protection of persons and their property from aggression by others.

A state will rate high when it focuses on protection of people and their property from the actions of aggressors, enforcement of contracts, and provision of the limited set of public goods like roads, flood control projects, and money of stable value and little else, but a country’s rating on the EFW summary index will fall as government expenditures increase and regulations expand.   

1A General government consumption spending as a percentage of total consumption 8.4
Area 1-A Data 11.4
1B Transfers and subsidies as a percentage of GDP 9.6
Area 1-B Data 2.1
1C Government enterprises and investment 10
Area 1-C Data 14.3
1Di Top marginal income tax rate 1
Area 1-Di Data 60
1Dii Top marginal income and payroll tax rates 0
Area 1-Dii Data 68
1D Top marginal tax rate 0.5
1 Size of Government: Expenditures, Taxes, and Enterprises 7.1
2A Judicial independence (GCR) 2
2B Impartial courts (GCR) 3.1
2C Protection of property rights (GCR) 4.6
2D Military interference in rule of law and the political process (CRG) 6.7
2E Integrity of the legal system (CRG) 3.3
2F Legal enforcement of contracts (DB) 2.2
2G Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property (DB) 3.2
2 Legal Structure and Security of Property Rights 3.6
3A Money growth 9
Area 3-A Data 5.2
3B Standard deviation of inflation 9.3
Area 3-B Data 1.73
3C Inflation: Most recent year 9.8
Area 3-C Data 0.92
3D Freedom to own foreign currency bank accounts 0
3 Access to Sound Money 7
4Ai Revenues from trade taxes (% of trade sector) 3.8
Area 4-A(i) Data 9.2
4Aii Mean tariff rate 6.4
Area 4-A(ii) Data 17.9
4Aiii Standard deviation of tariff rates 6.2
Area 4-A(iii) Data 9.5
4A Taxes on international trade 5.5
4Bi Non-tariff trade barriers (GCR) 5.5
4Bii Compliance cost of importing and exporting (DB) 5.8
4B Regulatory Trade Barriers 5.7
4C Size of the trade sector relative to expected 2.6
4D Black-market exchange rates 10
4Ei Foreign ownership/investment restrictions (GCR) 6.5
4Eii Capital Controls 0
4E International Capital Market Controls 3.3
4 Freedom to Trade Internationally 5.4
5Ai Ownership of banks 5
5Aii Foreign bank competition 0
5Aiii Private sector credit 8.2
5Aiv Interest rate controls/negative real interest rates 9
5A Credit Market Regulations 7.4
5Bi Minimum wage (DB) 6.3
5Bii Hiring and firing regulations (GCR) 5
5Biii Centralized collective bargaining (GCR) 6.1
5Biv Mandated cost of hiring (DB) 5.1
5Bv Mandated cost of worker dismissal (DB) 6.9
5Bvi Conscription 10
5B Labor Market Regulations 6.6
5Ci Price controls 4
5Cii Administrative requirements (GCR) 2.3
5Ciii Bureaucracy costs (GCR) 6.3
5Civ Starting a business (DB) 6.8
5Cv Extra payments/bribes (GCR) 2.5
5Cvi Licensing restrictions (DB) 2.7
5Cvii Cost of tax compliance (DB) 0
5C Business Regulations 3.5
5 Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business 5.8
Rank c 123

Cameroon Summary


1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from www.freetheworld.com.

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project

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