Tentmaker Reports

Romania Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index


General Information


21,442,012 (53rd most populous country in the world)

Eastern Orthodox86.8%
Roman Catholic4.7%
Other or Unspecified0.9%


Electric machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Romania, visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html.

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Romania as 65 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 0 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Romania.

In order to start a business in Romania, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Obtain a certificate from the Trade Registry proving the availability of the proposed company name and make a reservation of the name
  2. Deposit funds in a bank and obtain a document confirming bank deposit of sufficient funds
  3. Obtain a fiscal record for the company associates and the legal representatives from the public finance department of the municipality
  4. Register with the Unique Office (Biroul Unic) of trade registry Registrul Comertului (BASC), Bucharest Tribunal; obtain court registration, publication of notice, and registration for statistical purposes and social security
  5. Register for VAT
  6. Register the employees contracts with the Territorial Labor Inspectorate (TLI)

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the Doing Business project 3, conducted by the World Bank. For more detailed information about starting a business in Romania, visit http://www.doingbusiness.org/.


To learn more...


Romania Economic Freedom

The World Economic Forum (WEF) was founded in 1971 by Klaus Martin Schwab at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.  It is a non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland, which brings together top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss both economic and social issues facing the world.  The WEF also serves as a think tank, and publishes a wide range of reports focusing on issues of concern and importance to Forum communities. In particular, Strategic Insight Teams focus on producing reports of relevance in the fields of competitiveness, global risks and scenario thinking.  The Global Competitiveness Report measures competitiveness of countries and economic competitiveness among a wide range of factors such as corruption, tax rates, work ethic, and many others.
1A General government consumption spending as a percentage of total consumption 7
Area 1-A Data 16.3
1B Transfers and subsidies as a percentage of GDP 6.7
Area 1-B Data 12.6
1C Government enterprises and investment 0
Area 1-C Data 0
1Di Top marginal income tax rate 10
Area 1-Di Data 16
1Dii Top marginal income and payroll tax rates 2
Area 1-Dii Data 52
1D Top marginal tax rate 6
1 Size of Government: Expenditures, Taxes, and Enterprises 4.9
2A Judicial independence (GCR) 3.8
2B Impartial courts (GCR) 3.6
2C Protection of property rights (GCR) 5.3
2D Military interference in rule of law and the political process (CRG) 8.3
2E Integrity of the legal system (CRG) 6.7
2F Legal enforcement of contracts (DB) 5.4
2G Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property (DB) 7.6
2 Legal Structure and Security of Property Rights 5.8
3A Money growth 8.7
Area 3-A Data -6.3
3B Standard deviation of inflation 7.7
Area 3-B Data 5.65
3C Inflation: Most recent year 9
Area 3-C Data 4.84
3D Freedom to own foreign currency bank accounts 10
3 Access to Sound Money 8.9
4Ai Revenues from trade taxes (% of trade sector) 9.8
Area 4-A(i) Data 0.3
4Aii Mean tariff rate 9
Area 4-A(ii) Data 5.2
4Aiii Standard deviation of tariff rates 6
Area 4-A(iii) Data 10
4A Taxes on international trade 8.3
4Bi Non-tariff trade barriers (GCR) 6.2
4Bii Compliance cost of importing and exporting (DB) 8.3
4B Regulatory Trade Barriers 7.3
4C Size of the trade sector relative to expected 4.9
4D Black-market exchange rates 10
4Ei Foreign ownership/investment restrictions (GCR) 6.4
4Eii Capital Controls 8.5
4E International Capital Market Controls 7.4
4 Freedom to Trade Internationally 7.6
5Ai Ownership of banks 5
5Aii Foreign bank competition 7
5Aiii Private sector credit 9.4
5Aiv Interest rate controls/negative real interest rates 10
5A Credit Market Regulations 7.9
5Bi Minimum wage (DB) 7.1
5Bii Hiring and firing regulations (GCR) 5
5Biii Centralized collective bargaining (GCR) 6.6
5Biv Mandated cost of hiring (DB) 0.6
5Bv Mandated cost of worker dismissal (DB) 9.3
5Bvi Conscription 10
5B Labor Market Regulations 6.4
5Ci Price controls 3
5Cii Administrative requirements (GCR) 4
5Ciii Bureaucracy costs (GCR) 5.1
5Civ Starting a business (DB) 9.6
5Cv Extra payments/bribes (GCR) 5.6
5Cvi Licensing restrictions (DB) 6.8
5Cvii Cost of tax compliance (DB) 7.7
5C Business Regulations 6
5 Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business 6.7
Rank c 73

Romania Summary


1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from www.freetheworld.com.

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project

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