Tentmaker Reports

Chad Report

Entrepreneurial Missions Index


General Information


11,227,208 (71st most populous country in the world)

Other Languages and Dialects


Oil, Cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron, soap, cigarettes, construction materials

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the World Factbook project 4, conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). For more detailed information about Chad, visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html.

Business Information

The World Bank ranks Chad as 182 out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. The country ranks as 182 (of 183) in terms of ease of starting a business.

It requires 0 procedures, takes 0 days, and costs N/A% of income per capita to start a business in Chad.

In order to start a business in Chad, one must follow these procedures:

  1. Open a bank account, deposit the legally required iniqial capital in a bank and obtain deposit evidence
  2. Check the uniqueness of the company name and pick up a company registration form
  3. Notarize the company’s deeds and articles of association
  4. Obtain criminal record of the first directors in preparation to the registration formalities with the Commercial Registry
  5. Procurement of medical certificate
  6. Register a signed and certified copy of company bylaws with the Ministry of Finance (Service d’Enregistrement, des Domaines et du Timbre)
  7. Get an administrative authorization from the Ministry of Industry and Commerce
  8. Register the company with the Registry of Commerce and Real Estate (Registre de Commerce et du Credit Immobilier)
  9. Register the company bylaws with the court clerk (Greffier du Tribunal d’Instance) at the Ministry of Justice
  10. Make a formal announcement through legal journals / newspapers proclaiming the existence of the company
  11. Register the company for taxes with the central tax services of the Ministry of Finance (Direction des Impots), pay the Patente, and obtain a fiscal number
  12. Inscription on the tax rolls
  13. Register for the statistics code
  14. Declare the company’s existence to the National Employment Promotion Office (l’Office Nationale pour la Promotion de l’Emploie, ONAPE)
  15. Submission of the Internal Regulation Code to the Labor Inspection Office (Inspection du Travail)
  16. Registration with municipality, which grants the commercial license
  17. Registration with the Social Security Institute (Caisse Nationale de Prevoyance Sociale)
  18. Application for court authorization of commercial books
  19. Make a company seal

Unless otherwise noted, all information included here was obtained from the Doing Business project 3, conducted by the World Bank. For more detailed information about starting a business in Chad, visit http://www.doingbusiness.org/.



Chad Economic Freedom

The annual survey Economic Freedom of the World is an indicator produced by the Fraser Institute, a libertarian think tank which attempts to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations. Economic Freedom of the World index has been more widely used than any other measure of economic freedom, because of its coverage of a longer time period

Their measure of economic freedom is based on that the following standards:

  • Personal choice rather than collective choice,
  • Voluntary exchange coordinated by markets rather than allocation via the political process,
  • Freedom to enter and compete in markets, and
  • Protection of persons and their property from aggression by others.

A state will rate high when it focuses on protection of people and their property from the actions of aggressors, enforcement of contracts, and provision of the limited set of public goods like roads, flood control projects, and money of stable value and little else, but a country’s rating on the EFW summary index will fall as government expenditures increase and regulations expand.   

1A General government consumption spending as a percentage of total consumption 8.6
Area 1-A Data 10.8
1B Transfers and subsidies as a percentage of GDP 9.9
Area 1-B Data 0.8
1C Government enterprises and investment 2
Area 1-C Data 45.4
1Di Top marginal income tax rate 0
Area 1-Di Data 0
1Dii Top marginal income and payroll tax rates 0
Area 1-Dii Data 0
1D Top marginal tax rate 0
1 Size of Government: Expenditures, Taxes, and Enterprises 6.8
2A Judicial independence (GCR) 1.3
2B Impartial courts (GCR) 2.3
2C Protection of property rights (GCR) 2.8
2D Military interference in rule of law and the political process (CRG) 1.1
2E Integrity of the legal system (CRG) 0
2F Legal enforcement of contracts (DB) 0.3
2G Regulatory restrictions on the sale of real property (DB) 4.2
2 Legal Structure and Security of Property Rights 2
3A Money growth 9.1
Area 3-A Data 4.3
3B Standard deviation of inflation 6.3
Area 3-B Data 9.21
3C Inflation: Most recent year 8.2
Area 3-C Data -8.97
3D Freedom to own foreign currency bank accounts 0
3 Access to Sound Money 5.9
4Ai Revenues from trade taxes (% of trade sector) 0
Area 4-A(i) Data 0
4Aii Mean tariff rate 6.4
Area 4-A(ii) Data 17.9
4Aiii Standard deviation of tariff rates 6.2
Area 4-A(iii) Data 9.5
4A Taxes on international trade 6.3
4Bi Non-tariff trade barriers (GCR) 4.1
4Bii Compliance cost of importing and exporting (DB) 0
4B Regulatory Trade Barriers 2.1
4C Size of the trade sector relative to expected 7
4D Black-market exchange rates 10
4Ei Foreign ownership/investment restrictions (GCR) 4.7
4Eii Capital Controls 0
4E International Capital Market Controls 2.3
4 Freedom to Trade Internationally 5.5
5Ai Ownership of banks 2
5Aii Foreign bank competition 0
5Aiii Private sector credit 7
5Aiv Interest rate controls/negative real interest rates 9
5A Credit Market Regulations 6
5Bi Minimum wage (DB) 2.1
5Bii Hiring and firing regulations (GCR) 4.2
5Biii Centralized collective bargaining (GCR) 7.3
5Biv Mandated cost of hiring (DB) 3.6
5Bv Mandated cost of worker dismissal (DB) 6.7
5Bvi Conscription 3
5B Labor Market Regulations 4.5
5Ci Price controls 4
5Cii Administrative requirements (GCR) 2.9
5Ciii Bureaucracy costs (GCR) 7
5Civ Starting a business (DB) 4.6
5Cv Extra payments/bribes (GCR) 1.7
5Cvi Licensing restrictions (DB) 6.2
5Cvii Cost of tax compliance (DB) 8.6
5C Business Regulations 5
5 Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business 5.2
Rank c 133

Chad Summary


1 World Economic Forum

2 Free the World
Gwartney, James and Robert Lawson with Herbert Grubel, Jakob de Haan, Jan-Egbert Sturm, and Eelco Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from www.freetheworld.com.

3 World Bank Data

4 World Factbook Project

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